Learning and Reading

Phonics: Common English Sounds for Toddlers


There is a lot to learn when entering school, from establishing friends to building confidence with letters and numbers. Children learn a lot via play, but reading abilities are taught methodically using phonics, beginning in nursery or reception class and continuing through their first years in primary school.

develop kids reading abilities using phonics

It might be challenging to figure out how to effectively help your child through the early stages of reading, significantly because teaching methods may have changed much while you were in school! Please continue reading to learn what to expect as your child develops their reading abilities using phonics, how to assist them, and how you may both have fun while doing so!

What exactly is phonics, and why is it significant?

The use of letter sounds to help you read words is referred to as phonics.

Reading is currently taught in the majority of UK schools using phonics. The reason phonics is so popular is that science proves it works! That is why, according to the official school curriculum, children must be taught to read using a systematic phonics approach. Children begin honing their listening abilities in pre-school or nursery before they even start learning letter names and sounds to be tuned into the varied sounds in words.

The alphabet letters are then presented in a particular order, generally in reception or year/primary one, and children learn one sound for each letter. They can then sound out and read essential or fundamental, short words like 'c-a-t, cat' and 's-u-n, sun.' Following that, kids learn that some letters, such as 'sh,' 'ee,' and 'ai,' produce distinct sounds when combined.

kids learn new words with the most frequent letter sound combinations

After learning to read words with the most frequent letter-sound combinations, youngsters learn a variety of other combinations. They practice reading comments that are becoming more complicated. Most youngsters will be well on their way to reading almost any recognizable word in English by the end of their first year! In their second year, kids refine their abilities, even more, utilizing phonics to read and spell less familiar and more complex words.

Of course, all of this is happening as kids are learning to comprehend and appreciate what they read! Teachers share excellent stories and nonfiction books with students from nursery school forward, encouraging them to think about, discuss, and enjoy their phonics lessons and reading.

12 Most Basic Phonics Sounds!

Phonics, in general, refers to the sounds linked with a letter or set of letters. Continue reading to discover more about teaching your child the most basic phonics sounds!

1. Sound it out

The term 'sound it out' has been used by many parents and/or instructors, including myself. That is precisely what phonics is. They are combinations of sounds that help youngsters learn to read and spell words. s, a, t, p, i, n, d, e, m, h, and, b are the simplest phonics to teach kids to read. Even if you don't think you know how to teach phonics, I'd want to offer some exciting methods to include phonics into your daily life to assist your child in being a highly effective reader. I swear it's simple!

sound it out is used by many teachers and instructors for instructing students

Simple Phonics Activities

1. Collecting Items

Identifying objects in your child's environment that begin with the matching letter sound is one of the most excellent methods to teach phonics. You might, for example, purchase a basket or container that you and your kid can fill with objects that begin with the letter P. You may put a pencil, a paperclip, a picture, a popsicle stick, and a Peppa Pig toy in the container. All of these objects begin with the letter P, and as you identify the items in the basket, you and your kid may practice pronouncing the P sound. With this enjoyable exercise, your youngster will not even realize they are learning.

phonics activities are enjoyable approach to teach phonics

2. Building Blocks

Interlocking construction blocks are another enjoyable approach to teach phonics sounds. Not the little small ones, but the Duplo or Megablok sized ones. Write letters on the side of the blocks with a permanent marker to spell easy sight words. Then, as the basis, use a larger block and put the proper expression on it, so the kid understands which letters to search for. For example, you might write T on one block, A on another, and N on the last. Write the word 'TAN' on the more extended, rectangular block. Then you may explain to your youngster how to discover the letters T, A, and N and how to put them all together to 'construct' a word. As your kid becomes more familiar with the various phonics sounds, they can alter the initial letter to practice additional simple phonics such as man, ran, pan, and so on.

How can you support your child in learning phonics?

These sections will provide advice and some suggestions on how to support them if they get stuck.

Keep things simple and enjoyable

Keep in mind that the goal of phonics is to get your child reading as soon and simply as possible so that they may read everything they choose! It's supposed to be enjoyable, and no one wants reading to become a chore. So, whatever level of their academic career your child is at, remember:

  1. Keep your phonics lessons brief and focused. Stop before your youngster becomes bored! Ten minutes is frequently sufficient.
  2. Make it as enjoyable as possible - see below for some phonics activities you may play together.
  3. Choose a time when your kid is not overtired and a peaceful location where they will not be distracted by electronics (or loud brothers or sisters!).
  4. Even if your kid is becoming good at phonics and is an independent reader, continue to read to them! Stories and high-quality nonfiction are essential, but so is the cuddling quiet time you spend with them!
  5. If you are worried about your child's reading ability, speak with their teacher. Inform the teacher of your observations and seek their guidance. This is frequently reassuring, and it may be a fantastic source of fresh ideas for helping your child!

kids learning alphabets


The more your kid hears these sounds and links them with letters and words, the better their reading will be. Children will grow and develop into excellent readers if you provide them with a solid foundation and quality phonics lessons.

Happy learning!

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